Eye Care

Essential information and tips for maintaining optimal eye health in cats and dogs.

A healthy pet’s eyes should be clear and bright, and the area around the eyeball white.

Common Symptoms of Illness

  • Red inner eyelids
  • Matter ‘stuck’ on the surface or in the corners of the eye
  • Cloudiness within the eyeball
  • A dull eye surface
  • The ‘third eyelid’ coming across the eye
  • Excessive tearing or unusual discharges
  • Tear-stained fur around the eyes

Common Eye Tests Used to Diagnose Eye Problems

  • Fluorescein stain to identify the presence of corneal ulcers
  • Schirmer Tear Test to determine the level of tear production
  • Ocular pressure to detect glaucoma
  • Ophthalmoscope to see in the eye chamber

Common Eye Conditions & Symptoms

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the membrane that covers both the inner lining of the eyelid and the white of the eye. It may be caused by allergies or by bacterial, fungal or viral infections. In fact, recurrent or chronic conjunctivitis in cats is often the result of herpes viral infections, which can return – again and again. It can be contagious, so keep an infected cat away from others.

Corneal Ulceration can occur when the surface of the cornea is scratched or damaged, either as the result of an injury or, more seriously, a bacterial or viral infection.

Watery Eyes If your pet’s eyes constantly “weep” or if the fur around them appears “stained,” he may suffer from this inherited defect, in which a malformation of the tear ducts blocks the normal flow of tears.

Cataracts & Glaucoma Like humans, cats and dogs can have these serious eye diseases. Cataracts, which cloud the lens inside the eye, can be seen in elderly cats. A thorough evaluation by your veterinarian is necessary as surgery is the only treatment. Glaucoma stems from too much pressure being exerted upon the eye’s interior due to a decrease in the amount of fluid draining from it.

How to Administer Eye Drops/Ointment

  • See the instructions on the bottle for dosage. Shake if necessary.
  • Use one hand to hold the bottle between thumb and index while using the other to support the pet’s head.
  • Tilt the head back and, to prevent blinking, use your free fingers to hold the eyelids open.
  • Hold the bottle of drops close to the eye, but DON’T touch the eye’s surface.
  • Squeeze the drops onto the eye, and once the drops are in, release the head.
  • Your pet will blink, spreading the medication over the eye’s surface.

How-To Videos:

Administering eye drops/ointment for your dog
Administering eye drops/ointment for your cat